The least pricey is yearn, however it does not need to look it. Obviously it can be painted any color. It can also be stained any shade. Minwax and a number of various other business make stains that will color it to appear like many various other woods, from darkening it ever so slightly to show the grain, to darking it to ebony. It is a softwood, and therefore will bow even more than a hardwood, but it is a lot easier to work, and can be created with chisels or with a Dremel tool.
Of hardwoods, maple and oak are relatively reasonable in rate, and red oak in specific has a beautiful grain.
It is also possible to obtain hardwood plywoods (most plywood is ache) like birch, which I have actually a table made from about ten feet from where I am, that I made, and many individuals have actually liked it, and I do myself.
A lot of hardwoods, in my opinion, if the grain is chosen very carefully will not require a stain, however simply a varnish.
I utilize clean on polyurethane, which I apply with a fabric took in it. It seals the wood, darkens it somewhat, and looks rather rather. I put it on thin, so that you can still feel the grain (thick makes it plastic-y).
Use a circular saw with a great toothed finish cut blade. Cover where you wish to cut with masking tape, mark the tape, cut through it, and the edge will be smooth when the tape is removed.
Metal brackets make the joints more powerful, as do wooden dowels or “biscuits.”.
Pre-drilling holes keeps screws from splitting wood.
In general, any hardwood will do: maple, oak, cherry, even poplar, although poplar will have to be stained or painted. If you utilize a softwood, yellow yearn or doug fir would be best. The secret is to make strong connections in between the rails and posts. I such as utilizing bed bolts from Lee Valley Tools. Using dowels or tenons to keep the rails from turning under anxiety.